Although the country is young, the love story of humans for these lands began long ago. Vestiges of human settlement have been found in Anatolia, dated to 100,000 BC. The first organised human agglomeration is also there. Çatalhöyük has retained the evidence of a large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement. Çatalhöyük existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, since then people have been walking, trading and governing on these lands Great civilisations like the Hattians, Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Lycians, Carlos, Persians, Greeks, Romans and Ottomans flourished and perished letting in the landscape, culture, and people the reminds of their time in Anatolia.